Subsurface Surface Production Optimization

A production system is the system that transports reservoir fluid from the subsurface to the surface and separates it into oil, gas, and water. From there the oil and gas streams are treated if necessary and prepared for sale or transport from the field. Any water produced will also treated and prepared for disposal or reinjection into the reservoir. The basic elements of a production system are the reservoir, perforations, production packer, production casing, tubing, wellhead, choke, flowline, separator, and tank.

This course will provide participants with the knowledge of integrated subsurface surface production optimization.  During this course, participants will also learn about nodal analysis and the identification of major pressure losses from the reservoir to separator.  The use of specialized software to identify constraints and to propose recommendations to optimize the field will also be covered.


Integrated Production Systems and Production Processes 

  • Production system loops
  • Well completion and production methods
  • Production well test     
  • Gathering and processing facilities

The first day will cover an overview of the production system from the reservoir to the surface.  The integrated production system will be reviewed.  Participants will learn about the different production completions, lifting methods, gathering and separation systems, and production well tests.  Processing facilities will also be discussed.


Nodal Analysis 

  • Main components of pressure drop
  • Inflow Performance Relationship (IPR): reservoir, completion
  • Subsurface to surface system
  • Flow rates in pipes and restrictions

On the second day, participants will learn about nodal analysis, to include the different main components of pressure drops, such as static, friction, and acceleration.  Inflow performance relations (IPR), tubing performance curve, subsurface to surface system graphs, wellhead flow, wellhead flow curve, and gas well production behavior will also be covered.  The day will end with a discussion on flow rates in pipes and restrictions, as well as flow line curve.   


Subsurface Surface Production Operation

  • Identification of restrictions and correctives actions
  • Performance management
  • Advanced optimization applications
  • Integrated subsurface surface automation concept       

Subsurface surface production operations will be the focus on the third day.  Specific topics that will be covered on this day include integrated operation procedures, best practices, identification of restrictions and corrective actions, and the production optimization using automation technology.  The identification of added value to business, available and operated production, performance management, control and follow up systems will also be covered.  The day will end with a discussion on advanced optimization applications, integrated subsurface surface automation concepts, and compression plants deferred reduction case.        


Integrated Application System and Production System Modeling 

  • Integrated application systems
  • Software used in Industry
  • Production system modeling
  • Examples using PIPESIM

Day four will cover the integrated application system and production system modeling.  Participants will learn about the used in the oil industry for integrated production system.  Well model to surface model integration, data acquisition and control, and case studies will be covered for production system modeling.  The day will end with participants seeing examples using PIPESIM.


Technological Trends and Integrated Information Systems

  • Well instrumentation technology
  • Oil and gas production applications
  • Smart wells and fields

On the last day, participants will learn about the technological trends for integrated production optimization.  The trends discussed will include smart wells, well instrumentation technology, and smart fields.  Integrated information systems will also be discussed.  The integrated information environment, problems of integration, and production data management will be covered on this day as well.   

Subsea Production Systems (SPS) and Technologies

This class will provide participants with an introduction to subsea production facilities.  It will take participants from the conceptual design to the operation of the subsea production facilities.  Participants will have the chance to learn about typical system architecture, design drivers, and general requirements for subsea production systems.  Equipment design and operations, flow lines, flow assurance, and material selection will all be covered.


Subsea Production Systems (SPS) 

  • Concepts and definitions
  • General design requirements
  • Equipment and operations

Day one of this course will focus on Subsea Production Systems (SPS).  Specifically, this course will introduce the concepts and definitions, typical system architecture, design drivers, and general design requirements for SPS.  Subsea equipment and operations, flow lines, flow assurance, and material selection will also be covered.


Subsea Production Systems (SPS) Continued

  • Procedures for operations
  • Maintenance and repair
  • Limitations, barriers, and challenges       

This day will continue the discussion on SPS, specifically standards and procedures for major operational modes.  Maintenance and repair, along with limitations, barriers, and challenges will covered.                 


SPS Technology

  • Major subsea technology
  • Equipment and operations
  • Global energy balance       

Day three will focus on subsea technology separation, compression, pumping, oil and gas processing, and monitoring systems.  Special attention will be given to equipment functionality and operations.  The global energy balance of the SPS will also be covered.


Flow Assurance and Subsea Well Intervention

  • Flow assurance 
  • Subsea well intervention        

On day four, participants will take a closer look at flow assurance, specifically  sand management, along with hydrate, wax, scale and asphaltene deposition control, prevention, and remediation. Subsea well and facilities intervention technologies and procedures will be also covered on this day.


Digital Oilfield

  • Production monitoring, control, and optimization technology 
  • Data acquisition and data management 
  • Instrumentation, control, and monitoring systems 
  • Integrated systems 

The last day will focus on the digital oilfield.  Specific topics that will be covered include the production monitoring, control, and optimization, data acquisition, and data management.  Technologies and design for instrumentation, control, and monitoring systems will also be covered.  Participants will learn about the different types of integrated systems, then will discuss an actual example of an integrated system.  The day will end with a lesson on case histories.                

Surface Facility Production Operations

This course will provide participants with the fundamental and principles of production fluid behavior, conditioning, and processing from the wellhead to custody transfer. The participants will learn oilfield production handling at the surface, the treatment equipment, and the processes.

Natural gas and oil physics characteristics, gathering system, separation, treatment, pigging, transportation, measurements, rotating equipment, vessel and piping design, and operations will all be covered to enhance operational efficiencies.

Participants will learn how to design and operate the surface facilities production equipment and processes through daily exercises.


Production Systems, Fluid Properties, and Hydrocarbon Properties 

  • Production system analysis
  • Oilfield fluids
  • Hydrocarbon properties exercise

On day one of this course participants will learn about production system analysis, fluid properties, and oilfield fluids.  Hydrocarbon properties, such as gas solubility in crude oil, crude oil volumetric factors, viscosity, density, and interfacial tension will be covered.  To end the day attendees will participate in hydrocarbon properties exercises.


Manifold and Gathering Systems 

  • Production manifolds
  • Flow line characteristics
  • Gathering systems
  • Flow of fluids

The focus of day two will be manifold and gathering systems.  Production manifold onshore and offshore facilities will be discussed, along with flowline characteristics.  Gathering systems, such as radial, axial, loop, well center, and truck line systems will be covered on this day.  Pipeline systems including the analysis of single and multiphase flow will be covered.  The day will end with fluid flow exercises.


Pigging and Separation 

  • Pigging
  • Separation      

Day three will teach participants about the configuration and operation of the pigging system. Separation design, selection, internal evaluation, problems, and troubleshooting will be covered in detail. The day will end with exercises on separation design and selection for different environments.


Oil and Water Treatment 

  • Oil treatment
  • Water treatment

On day four participants will learn about the emulsion theory, emulsion destabilization, oil dehydration equipment, processes design and operation, and the desalting processes and equipment. Oil removal, suspended particles, oxygen removal, bacteria control are the topics to be covered in the water treatment session. At the end of the day real cases will be discussed and run exercises to design a real oil and water treatment facilities.


Gas Treatment, Pumps, and Compressors 

  • Gas treatment
  • Pumps
  • Compressors

The focus of day five will be gas dehydration, the sweetening process, and equipment. Emphasis on design, technology selection, and operation problems will be the main topics to be covered in the gas treatment part of the day. Pumps and compressors design, selection, and operations will also be covered on this day.  At the end of each session participants will learn how to design and select gas treatment facilities, pumps, and compressors.

Introduction to Flow Assurance

The fluid journey from reservoir pore to process facility involves many disciplines using advanced technologies. Even long-producing fields develop flow assurance problems as time goes by and ever-deeper fields bring new challenges that extend the envelope our industry can safely and economically produce.

Optimum flow assurance design and operation requires the evaluation of all disciplines interfacing flow assurance, as well as careful consideration of the interactions between the fluid, reservoir, wells, pipelines, surface facilities, and the surrounding environment. Through the detailed understanding of these disciplines, combined with the unique fluids capabilities and integrated approach, participants will learn the capability of bringing all of these together.

The goal of this course will be to increase, in participants, an understanding of the major problems associated with flow assurance, such as asphaltenes, paraffins, emulsion, scales, corrosions, and hydrates.  The class will review the conventional methods and new approaches to prevent, control, and remediate the major problem causes to assure the flow.  A comparative analysis on the technology available and the advantages and disadvantages of each will be discussed.  Participants will learn how to identify the causes and mechanisms of flow impediment, along with the methods and technologies that can be applied for prevention, control, and remediation of the depositions.


Introduction and Inorganic Oilfield Scale 

  • The flow assurance problem
  • Inorganic oilfield scale principles and fundamentals
  • Compound types

This day will begin with a basic introduction into flow assurance, to include topics over the impact of inorganic and organic deposition, along with corrosion in oil and gas production systems.  Next, participants will learn about the principles and fundamentals of flow assurance.  The day will end with participants learning about the impact of the mechanism, control and remediation of the main scales in the oilfield, such as Calcium Carbonate, Barium and Strontium Sulfate, Calcium Sulfate, and Sodium Chlorite can have on flow assurance.


Inorganic Oilfield Scale and Hydrates 

  • Prediction and modeling of inorganic scales
  • Recent development in the scale prevention
  • Hydrates      

Day two will focus on inorganic oilfield scale and hydrates. Participants will learn about exotic mineral scale, prediction and modeling of inorganic scales, the design of a field scale management program, and recent developments in scale prevention. The problem, deposition site, impact, composition and structure, and detection of hydrates will also be covered in detail on this day.


Paraffins (Waxes) and Asphaltenes 

  • Characteristics
  • Mechanisms
  • Control, prevention, and remediation

On this day, participants will learn about the characteristics, mechanisms, control, prevention, and remediation of paraffins and asphaltenes.  Specific topics that will be covered include the different paraffin tests, paraffin factors affecting deposition, operation problems, control, remediation, and monitoring.  Participants will also learn about asphaltenes key properties, effect of variable on deposition, deposition causes, operational problems, prevention, and remediation.


Organic Deposition Prediction Model and Emulsions 

  • Wax thermodynamic prediction
  • Modeling Asphaltene Behavior
  • Hydrate prediction model
  • Formation of emulsions
  • Emulsion destabilization processes

Day four of this course will teach participants about the organic deposition prediction model.  This will include topics such as wax thermodynamic prediction, modeling asphaltene behavior, thermodynamic modeling, polarization type association model, and the kinetic rate of hydrate formation.  The hydrate prediction model and the types of software used to predict hydrate formation and plugging with also be covered.  The day will end with a discussion on emulsions, to include crude oil natural surfactant, characteristics, formations, treatment, and the emulsion destabilization processes.



  • Corrosion classification and mechanism
  • CO2and H2S corrosion
  • Corrosion control
  • Corrosion inhibitor guidelines
  • Oilfield corrosion management guidelines

The last day will focus on corrosion.  Participants will learn about corrosion types and their mechanism, along with control and prevention methods.  Special emphasis will be on CO2 and H2S corrosion.  The day will end with corrosion inhibitor and oilfield management guidelines.


Gas Conditioning and Handling

The goal of this training is to provide the attendees the necessary knowledge and tools for production fluid separation and equipment design as well as to understand the best conditions for an efficient operation of gas sweetening, dehydration, compression, and transportation. This course will also allow the attendants to participate in the diagnostic and the identification of key variables for an optimum operation. All this will result in an increase of the effectiveness of the personnel, reduction of operational costs and optimization of the performance of gas conditioning and handling


Gas properties and Separators 

  • Overview of the gas properties
  • Gas separation
  • Design and operation of the separation system

Day one of this course will focus on gas separation from production fluids.  The day starts with an overview of the natural gas properties and method to estimate them. The day continue with gas separation principle, processes, stages and design and operation for two and three phase separators.  The participants will also run exercises on three phase separator designs.


Gas Sweetening 

  • Gas sweetening process classification
  • Selection criteria for sweetening processes
  • Design and operation of sweetening processes
  • Typical operating problems and troubleshooting for amine process

On day two, participants will learn about gas sweetening.  Specific topics that will be discussed on this day include gas value chain natural, characteristics, quality specifications, sweetening process classification, processes selection criteria, design and operation.  The day ends with an example of typical operating problem and troubleshooting for an amine sweetening unit.


Hydrate and Gas dehydration 

  • Hydrate
  • Gas dehydration processes
  • Design and operation of gas dehydration processes
  • Typical operating problems and troubleshooting for TEG unit

Day three of this course of the dehydration processes.  The day start with hydrate deposit formation mechanism, control and remediation. After this, the participants will be exposed to natural gas dehydration processes, technologies, design and operation. The day end with a case study of operating problems and the troubleshooting of a TEG unit.


Liquid Removal and Gas Transportation 

  • Liquid removal
  • Gas transportation      

On day fourth reviews, the participants will be exposed to the different methods and technologies to remove liquid from the natural gas. Hydrocarbon dew point control, and NGL extraction processes will be discussed. At the end of the day, the main types of natural gas transportation and storage will be discussed in detail.


Mechanical Equipment

  • Compressors
  • Pumps
  • Heat exchangers

On the last day, participants will learn about mechanical equipment.  Compressors and pump classification, design, and operation conditions will be covered on this day.  Heat exchanger types, including shell and tube, fin fan, and plate and frame will also be discussed.  



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